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[INFOGRAPHIC] Top 10 Tallest Trees in the World

Trees, as you know, can be monumental! They are the biggest and the longest living organism here on earth. Some trees can be thousands of years old and others can be hundreds of meters above the ground. Below are ten (10) of the world’s tallest trees.

INFOGRAPHIC Top Ten Tallest Trees in the World

INFOGRAPHIC Top Ten Tallest Trees in the World_Indiana Tree Company

1) Cost Redwoods

Coast Redwoods are amongst Earth’s tallest trees. They are classified as an evergreen and they belong to the conifer division. [1] Quite interestingly, Redwoods, in spite of its tall structure, have wide spreading lateral roots with no taproot.[2] The bark is up to 12 inches (30 cm) thick and quite fibrous [2].

Height

The tallest tree in the world ‘Hyperion’ reaches 379.7 feet (115.7 m). [3]

Location

Redwood National and State Parks California, USA. [4]

2) Mountain Ash

Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus Regnans) is the closest rival of the California’s Redwoods when it comes to being named as the world’s tallest tree; however, it is crowned as the tallest flowering plant in the world. Most of these trees can be found in Tasmania and the state of Victoria in southeastern Australia.

Height

Australia’s ‘Centurion’ measures 99.82 meters (327 feet) [5]

Location

Edwards Rd near Tahune Airwalk, Australia [5]

3) Cost Douglas-Fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii also known as the Coast Douglas-fir is a perennial timber tree that has fragrant needles that naturally grows in the British Columbia and California sierra.[6]

Height

‘Doerner fir’ the tallest Douglas fir was measure 327.3 feet in 2011 [7]

Location

Oregon Coast mountains west of Roseburg, near the Burnt Mountain Recreation area in BLM forest. [7]

4) Sitka Spruce

Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) is also known as the coast or tidewater spruce. Its common name, Sitka, reflects the place of its Alaskan discovery; coast, its geographical distribution; and tidewater, its habitat. [8]

Height

The tallest known Sitka spruce in the world is ‘Raven Spruce’ which is 96.7 m (96.68 m) tall. [9]

Location

Exact location of this enormous tree is not disclosed but it is known that the tree is located in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park. [9]

5) Giant Sequoias

Being dwarfed by Earth’s most massive tree, the giant sequoias fills you with wonder. It’s hard to believe that a living thing can be so enormous and old.

Height

The General Sherman Tree is the world’s largest tree by volume, measured by volume. It stands 275 feet (83 m) tall. [11]

Location

The General Sherman, a giant sequoia can be found Sequoia National Park [3]

6) Yellow Meranti

Yellow meranti is light yellow and moderately durable. It is used for interior joinery, boxes and crates, furniture, flooring, light carpentry, and veneer. Its IUCN Red List status is “Endangered.” [12]

Height

The world’s tallest known tropical tree ‘Maliau Basin’ measures 89.5 metres. [13]

Location

The tallest known Yellow Meranti tree has been discovered in Malaysia, Sabah.  [13]

7) Manna Gum

Manna Gum (Eucalyptus viminalis) has very light color of trunk. [14] Occurs widely in the south-eastern mainland from south-eastern Queensland to Adelaide, South Australia and throughout Tasmania where it grows in a variety of situations from the coast through to the mountains in tall open forest. [15]

Height

Tallest Manna Gum tree measures 91.3 m tall. [14]

Location

The ‘White Knight’ (tallest Manna Gum) can be found in Evercreech Forest Reserve Tasmania Australia

8) Southern Blue Gum

Eucalyptus globulus also known as the Blue Gum is a fast-growing tree and is widely cultivated as a plantation species within Australia and other subtropical climates. The wood is primarily used for pulp and fuel, though some is harvested for woodworking purposes. Blue Gum is generally regarded as a utility lumber. [16]

Height

Neeminah Loggorale Meena is the highest Blue Gum measuring 90.7 m. [17]

Location

Tasmania, Australia [17]

9) Alpine Ash

Eucalyptus delegatensis, commonly known as alpine ash, woollybutt, gum-topped stringybark, and white-top, is a sub-alpine or temperate tree of southeastern Australia. A straight, grey-trunked tree, it reaches heights of over 90 meters in suitable conditions. [18]

Height

Staggering height of 87.9 m.  [18]

Location

The tallest currently known specimen is located in Tasmania, Australia.  [18]

10) Brown Top Stringybark

Brown Top Stringybark botanical name Eucalyptus obliqua has thick, stringy rough bark over the trunk extending to the branchlets. It belongs in the green-leaved ash group and is notable for the large, obliquely ovate, glossy green, petiolate, pendulous juvenile leaves. Fruits are usually distinctly pedicellate and barrel-shaped. [19]

Height

King Stringy the tallest Eucalyptus obliqua measures 86 m. [20]

Location

This giant tree can be found in Tasmania, Australia. [20]

 

Sources:

[1] Encyclopedia of Life – Sequoia sempervirens

[2] iNaturalist – Coast Redwood

[3] LiveScience – Giant Sequoias and Redwoods: The Largest and Tallest Trees

[4] Save the Redwoods – Coast Redwoods

[5] National Register of Big Trees

[6] Go Botany – Pseudotsuga menziesii

[7] M. D. Vaden – Doerner Fir | Tallest Douglas Fir
[8] The Oregon Encyclopedia – Sitka Spruce

[9] Wondermondo – Raven’s Tower – Tallest Sitka Spruce

[10] Save the Redwoods – Giant Sequoia

[11] National Park Service – The General Sherman Tree

[12] Forest Legality Initiative – Yellow Meranti

[13] Wondermondo – List of Tallest Trees in the World

[14] WonderMondo – White Knight – The Tallest Manna Gum

[15] Australian National Botanic Garden – Eucalypts for Cold Climates

[16] Wood Database – Blue Gum

[17] Wondermondo – Neeminah Loggorale Meena

[18] Wikipedia – Eucalyptus delegatensis

[19] Euclid – Eucalyptus obliqua

[20] Wondermondo – Tallest Trees of the World